SWS: More families consider themselves to be poor in Q2 after a 3-quarter decline

MANILA—The number of Filipinos who consider themselves to be poor rose in the second quarter of 2019 after dipping for the past 3 quarters, a Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey showed Saturday. 

An SWS survey of 1,200 people revealed that the number of families who see themselves as “mahirap” or poor rose up from 38 percent in March 2019 to 45 percent. 

The results from the second quarter survey translate to some 11.1 families, about 2 million higher than the results from the first quarter. 

The SWS noted the rise in figures in increases in all regions: 19 percentage points in Mindanao (56 percent), 5 points in Balance Luzon (40 percent), 3 points in Metro Manila (31 percent), and remained at 55 percent in Visayas 

Out of an approximately 24.6 million total households in June 2019, 36.9% (or about 9.1 million) “have always” seen themselves as poor.

The same survey also found that 35 percent (roughly 8.5 million families) are, as the SWS termed it, “food poor,” or consider their food as poor, which is 8 percentage points higher than the ratio posted in March 2019.

Respondents added that they needed a monthly budget of P15,000 for them not to be considered poor, P5,000 higher than last quarter. 

This is termed the Self-Rated Poverty Threshold, or the SRP Threshold, or “the minimum monthly budget poor families need for home expenses in order not to be poor,” the SWS said. 

“The median SRP Threshold, then, is what the poorer half of the poor need for home expenses in order not to be poor,” the agency added.

The first quarter poll was conducted from March 22 to 26, 2019. It has a margin of error of ±3 percent for national figures. 

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